Himalayan hand-knotted rugs



Our weavers use traditional Tibetan hand-knotting  techniques brought by their parents and grandparents over the Himalayas to Kathmandu. The weavers sit in rows at fixed looms, one or two weavers for a small rug, up to five for the largest. Each weaver works the area in front of them, making individual knots over metal rods, which are then cut to create the pile. The weavers count knots as they go, following by eye and recreating by hand, the design from a graph fixed to the loom above them. It is highly skilled work. Every weaver must knot uniformly with the same yarn tension as their neighbour. They must all weave at the same speed so their rugs grow on average by just 10cm per day. Please click here to see images of hand-knotted rug production.

Laborious it may be, but Tibetan hand-knotting has important advantages:

Quality. This is a traditional technique that creates rugs with the structure and density to withstand many years of use. The weavers knot with Chinese silk and New Zealand wool. Also with hand carded, hand spun wool from the high plateaux of Tibet, renowned for its long, strong fibres and naturally high lanolin content which increases the lustre of these rugs with wear.

Intricacy. Many of Jacaranda’s Himalayan rug designs are very simple by choice, but hand-knotting lends itself to complex designs. The weavers can change colour frequently, or swap between silk and wool. 

Flexibility. Rugs can be any design, colour, shape or size. You may buy one of Jacaranda’s designs from stock, but Jacaranda can make your designs too, or re-create Jacaranda’s designs to your colour scheme and dimensions. We can colour match to fabrics, wallpapers, paints, pantones or Chromatone poms.

Individuality. At Jacaranda we value the irregularity and slight quirkiness that can only be handmade. Unlike machine made, mass produced rugs, each Jacaranda Himalayan hand-knotted rug will have its own character and charm. And if we make your own design, you will receive a work of art that is truly unique


Jacaranda now stocks several designs at 200x300cm and 250x350cm. These and the other designs shown here can all be ordered made-to-measure too.

Jacaranda’s bespoke Himalayan rugs can be whatever you want them to be. Our 100% wool 100 knot hand knotted rugs are suitable for use as stair runners.  The main choices are as follows:

Design. Yours, one of Jacaranda’s, or a mixture of the two

Colours. These can be taken from Jacaranda’s designs, Jacaranda’s pom sets or colour matched to materials supplied by you

Knot count. 60 knots per square inch gives a luxurious, chunky look. 100 knots per square inch is finer and allows more detail in the design. Ultra fine 120 knots per square inch are possible too

Yarn. The luminosity and shine of pure Chinese silk versus the comfort and warmth of wool. Jacaranda weaves 60 knot stock rugs from New Zealand wool and 100 knot stock rugs from hand carded, hand spun Tibetan wool, prized for its long, strong fibres and high lanoline content which grows more lustrous with age. For bespoke rugs you can match different knot counts and yarn combinations. Jacaranda also weaves from wool/silk blended yarns which give a silky sheen at lower prices than pure silk

High/low or sheared flush. Designs often incorporate pure silk motifs against wool backgrounds. These silk sections can be sheared flush to the background or left standing proud as in Jacaranda’s Mala Leaf

Size. Choose one of Jacaranda’s stock sizes or specify your own. As rug size increases, design elements may be duplicated or scaled up, depending on the design or customer preference.

Click here to read more  about our bespoke Himalayan rugs ordering process.

GoodWeaveGoodWeave Rug Certification

Founded in 1995, GoodWeave works to stop child labour in the handmade rug industry. The international organisation promotes child-labour-free supply chains via its unique labelling scheme, which includes independent and random producer inspections, monitoring and certification. GoodWeave likewise provides educational opportunities to children in weaving communities and works to ensure the fair treatment of adult carpet weavers. The GoodWeave label on a rug is the best assurance that no child labour was used in its production. www.goodweave.org.uk.